Candlestick Patterns Basic But Useful Understanding For Beginner

Technical analysts rely on candlestick charts and candlestick patterns to help them time their trades and see how investors’ emotions affect the price of a security. Based on a method established in Japan in the 1700s for monitoring rice prices, candlestick charting is a popular method of displaying market data.

Table of Contents

1. What is a candlestick?

Originating from Japanese rice merchants in the 1700s, Candlestick is a type of financial chart to track market prices and daily momentum. It shows the highest, lowest, opening, and closing prices of a security or currency during a certain time period. Therefore, candlestick charts are primarily used in technical analysis as a means of forecasting potential price changes based on past patterns.

Candlesticks show the open, high, low, and close prices of a security over a specified time frame. The “real body” of the candlestick is the wide, rectangular section that connects the opening and closing prices. This real body portrays the price range between the opening and closing prices of the trading.

Just above and below the real body are the “shadows” or “wicks.” These thin, vertical lines show the high and low prices of that period’s trading. During the trading session, the upper shadow represents the high price, and the lower shadow represents the low price.

2. Understanding candlestick components

The bullish candle has an empty, white or green true body, which indicates that the close was higher than the open. It shows that prices opened and were driven higher by bulls, then finished at a higher level.

The real body of a candle is considered to be bearish when it is filled, black, or red, which indicates that the close was lower than the open. This shows that prices opened, were driven down by selling pressure, and finally settled at a level lower than their initial level.

3. What are Candlestick patterns?

Over time, individual candlesticks develop patterns that traders may use to identify important support and resistance levels. Opportunities may be found in the market through a variety of candlestick patterns; some reveal the relative strength of buyers and sellers, while others reveal continuation patterns or market hesitation.

Currently, there are many candlestick patterns that each signals a different outcome. In general, candlestick patterns can be categorized into:

  • Bullish Reversal Patterns
  • Bearish Reversal Patterns 
  • Continuation Patterns

Before getting to know the characteristics of some popular candlestick patterns, traders should look for a prior trend first. If you’re trying to spot a bullish reversal pattern, the prior trend should be bearish (downtrend), and vice versa.

4. Bullish candlestick patterns

When a bullish reversal candlestick pattern appears, it means the current downtrend is about to turn into an uptrend.

So, when bullish reversal candlestick chart patterns are detected, traders should be wary of taking short positions.

Morning Star

The Morning Star is a candlestick chart pattern indicating a bullish reversal. It is regarded as a sign of hope in a market downtrend. The pattern consists of 3 candles with one short-bodied candle in the middle of a long red and a long green candle.

morning star candlestick patterns

The first candle represents the uptrend’s continuance. The middle one suggests market uncertainty. The third bullish candle indicates that buyers have returned to the market, signaling a possible trend reversal.


Hammer is a single candlestick pattern that indicates a bullish reversal and is created at the end of a downtrend. This candle’s real body is small and positioned at the top, while its lower shadow is more than double the size of the real body. This pattern has no or a little upper shadow.

A hammer indicates that the price moved down throughout the day but then backed up as a result of intense buying demand. The color of the body might vary, but green hammers imply a stronger bull market.

5. Bearish candlestick patterns

After an uptrend, bearish candlestick patterns typically appear and indicate a point of resistance. When traders are extremely bearish about the market price, they frequently close their long positions and replace them with short ones in order to profit from the price decline.

Bearish Engulfing

Bearish Engulfing is a multiple candlestick pattern that appears at the end of an uptrend. It’s made up of two candles; the first one has a green body that is engulfed by the longer second, which is red.

It indicates a price peak or slowdown and suggests a forthcoming market downturn. If the second candle closes lower than the first, the trend is more likely to be substantial.

Hanging Man

Hanging Man is a single candlestick pattern that indicates a bearish reversal. To put it another way, this pattern is the bearish counter to a hammer, with the same basic shape but appearing at the end of an uptrend.

hanging man candlestick pattern

It suggests a big sell-off occurred during the day but that buyers eventually succeeded in driving the price back up. Investors have seen the sharp decline as evidence that bulls are losing ground on the market.

6. Continuation candlestick patterns

A candlestick pattern is considered to be a continuation pattern if it does not signal a reversal in market momentum. These can be used by investors to spot a time of calm in the market, when prices are not moving significantly up or down.

Spinning Top

Spinning Top pattern has a short real body and two equal-length shadows. No significant price movement has occurred as a result of the pattern, suggesting market indecision.

Falling Three

Five candles forming a “Falling Three” pattern indicate a pause in the downtrend rather than a reversal. For traders, this means that the bulls do not have enough momentum to reverse the trend.

7. Spot all candlestick patterns you need

As previously mentioned, there are a number of different candlestick patterns, and it would be impossible for a trader to memorize their individual characteristics. Let me recommend the Candlestick Pattern Pro indicator from Indicator Vault to assist you with it. This indicator can:

  • Easily spot over 30 candlestick patterns.
  • Display detected patterns beautifully on the chart.
  • Timely notify you whenever a new zone is established.

Save tons of your time while using the Candlestick Pattern Pro indicator. Now you have more time to determine the market and capture good setups for a winning trade.

8. Conclusion

With the aid of candlestick patterns, investors and traders may get a sense of the emotion behind a stock or other asset, which can lead to more accurate price forecasts.

Using the Candlestick Pattern Pro indicator can bring you numerous benefits and allow you to find better trade setups.

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